Involves difficultly producing sounds. Various speech sounds may be substituted, omitted, added or changed. For instance, a child may have difficulty producing the "s" sound.
Exercises that may be necessary for weak articulators or muscles in the mouth and face to improve speech production. These exercises can help a child increase their intelligibility and articulation.
Refers to the ability to express one's thoughts and feelings through communication.
Involves patterns of sound errors. For example, substituting all sounds that are made in the back of the mouth (i.e., "k" and "g") for sounds made in the front of the mouth (i.e., "t" and "d").
Relates to a person's ability to attend to, process, comprehend, retain, or integrate spoken language.
Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear, identify and manipulate individual sounds in spoken words; involves blending, segmenting and/or deleting sounds.
Occurs when the brain has difficulty interpreting auditory information. The individual may have normal hearing, however, the brain has difficulty recognizing and interpreting sounds. When an individual has difficulty interpreting and comprehending language or directions.
An executive function disorder describes difficulties associated with goal setting, carrying out organized steps and modifying a plan to complete a task successfully. These skills are important for learning from past experiences and applying the knowledge in new experiences. Attention, memory, impulse control, organization, planning, and hierarchical thinking problems often described by parents and teachers as the executive functioning.
When a child meets speech and language developmental milestones at a later age than is expected.
Occurs when sounds, syllables, or words are involuntarily repeated or prolonged, causing a disruption of the normal flow of speech
Refers to an individual who has difficulty producing sounds, syllables, or words. This difficulty is not caused by muscle weakness or paralysis
Pragmatic skills refer to a person's ability to use language to communicate ideas, needs, and emotions in a functional and socially acceptable manner.
Developmental disorders that can affect the development of social and communication skills.
Can be caused by vocal abuse (yelling or screaming), colds/illnesses (e.g., bronchitis), or can be physiological (e.g., vocal cord paralysis). Symptoms of voice disorders can include (but are not limited to): hoarseness, strained or scratchy voice, breathiness, limited pitch range.
Aids individuals with severe communication disabilities to produce and/or comprehend written or spoken language. AAC can involve high or low technology.
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